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The energy sources of Italy, what they are

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Three quarters ofpower that we consume in Italy comes fromabroad. Despite the primary question of power contracted in Italy by 9.2% in 2020, due to the restrictions imposed by the pandemic, 73.4% of our needs were satisfied only thanks to net imports.

Overall, to cover a primary demand equal to 143.5 million tonnes of oil equivalent, we have relied on 40% energy supply since natural gasfor 33% from Petroleum and only for 20% from renewable energy sources. ENEA (National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) investigated in detail the situation of energy consumption in Italy in 2020 with its quarterly analysis on the Italian energy system.

Energy sources, the gas node

The main element is therefore the gas natural, for which Italy depends almost entirely on foreign production (importing 95.5% of national needs). In 2020, the first supplier country was Russia with approximately 43% of the total, followed by‘Algeria at 18.5%, supplies from LibyaNorthern Europe and Liquefied Natural Gas (which has a greater supply and diversified origin).

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A contributing element for the 33% to the energy mix of the Bel Paese is therefore the Petroleum. Here are the main areas of supplier countries for national crude oil imports in 2020. Procurements from former USSR countries remain the majority, at 39%, followed by the Middle East (32%), Africa (18%), America (7%) and Europe (4%): the detail on the supplies of the individual countries from 2016 to today can be seen in the following graph.

Luca Losito | Wall Street Italy

It doesn’t get any better even between energies renewablewhich contribute with the 20% to the mix energetic of Italy. Here, in the face of the reduction in total imports of goods by the Italian economy (-14%), due to the slowdown in domestic demand, the commercial dynamics in the low-carbon technology segment do not seem to be hesitating, leading to a further increase. of imports (estimated at over 2 billion euros, + 27% compared to 2019), and a growing trade deficit (which rose to about 1.1 billion euros, + 60% on 2019).

A Square clear and unequivocal, which explains how much ours village is dangerously exposed and dependent on what happens far from its borders. Especially in a complex phase, which will see the global scenario revolutionized in the next few years by the energy transition process. A change in which Italy can and must play a leading role, to return to being less affected by geopolitical dynamics.

The full article was published in the February issue of Wall Street Italia magazine.

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