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President of the Republic: the rules for the election at the time of Covid

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The mandate of the President of the Republic is expiring Sergio Mattarella and the game for the appointment of his successor has just begun. While igniting the toto-name it is good to remember a few basic notions as regards the election of the Head of State, also in light of the new and stringent anti-Covid rules.

President of the Republic: how he is elected

First of all, please note that the President of the Republic is elected by the Parliament in joint session of its members and three delegates from each Region participate in the election, elected by the Regional Council in order to ensure the representation of minorities. Valle d’Aosta has only one delegate.

The convocation in joint session Parliament and regional delegates to elect the new President of the Republic is carried out thirty days before the end of his mandate. The convocation is carried out by the President of the Chamber of Deputies.

The election of the President of the Republic takes place for secret ballot by a majority of two thirds of the assembly. In the first three ballots the qualified majority two thirds of the assembly, equal to 673 voters out of 1,009; from the fourth ballot onwards, the absolute majority (half plus one of the electors), equal to 505 voters out of 1,009 (article 83 of the Constitution). The presidents of the two houses of Parliament do not participate in the vote.

Voting to elect the new head of state will start on January 24th and, in the event that convergence on a name is not reached, it will be held to the bitter end one a day. The voting procedures for the election of the head of state take place in the Chamber of Montecitorio palace, and are chaired by the President of the Chamber, Roberto Fico. At his side will sit the President of the Senate, Maria Elisabetta Casellati.

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The anti Covid rules

Is provided only one vote per day, compared to the traditional two, in the morning and in the afternoon and access to the Chamber of Deputies will be allowed only if in possession of a “basic” Green pass, it will take place from the left side of the hemicycle with a maximum of 50 electors at a time.
We will vote for time slots, in alphabetical order, starting with life senators, senators, deputies and regional delegates. They will be 50 voters are admitted to the Chamber at a time, while for the count the maximum capacity is 200 people. According to what has been leaked so far, it is estimated that the 50 admitted voters will have 11 minutes to express themselves, then the other 50 will leave and enter. Overall, 4 and a half hours have been foreseen between the voting and counting phases.

Given the difficulty in being able to sanitize them, the traditional wooden bier with felt curtain inside which those entitled to cast their vote will be replaced by four new polling booths with the urn to deposit the ballot paper equipped with a ventilation system.

According to the articles of the Constitution, he can be elected President of the Republic any citizen who has reached the age of fifty and enjoys civil and political rights. The office of President of the Republic is incompatible with any other office.

The President of the Republic is elected for seven years. Thirty days before the deadline expires, the President of the Chamber of Deputies convenes the Parliament and the regional delegates in joint session to elect the new President of the Republic.

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The President of the Republic is the Head of State and represents national unity. It can send messages to the Chambers and calls the elections of the new Chambers and fixes the first meeting.

Authorizes the submission to the Chambers of government-initiated bills. Pass the laws and issues decrees having the force of law and regulations. It also indexes the referendum popular in the cases provided for by the Constitution and appoints, in the cases indicated by law, state officials.

The Head of State also has the command of the Armed Forces, presides over the Supreme Defense Council established according to the law, declares the state of war resolved by the Chambers, presides over the High Council of the Judiciary and finally can grant pardons and commute penalties.

Before taking up his duties, the head of state lends oath pronouncing before the Parliament in joint session the formula: “I swear to be faithful to the Republic and to loyally observe the Constitution” (article 91 of the Constitution).
Parliamentarians will be able to enter the Chamber in the Chamber for the oath of the new President only if in possession of a negative swab.

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