Home Health Myopia could affect one in two people in 2050.

Myopia could affect one in two people in 2050.

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“Today, 40% of the population is myopic, with 5 to 10% of strong myopes“, alerted Pr Ramin Tadayoni, head of the ophthalmology department at the Adolphe de Rothschild Foundation Hospital, Thursday, January 27, during a press conference. And to specify: “these two proportions are increasing and, above all , there are more and more myopic children”.

Myopia usually appears in childhood or adolescence. It is often detected when the child begins learning to read at school: he sees well up close, but he has difficulty reading what is written on the board. Until adulthood, myopia often tends to worsen, then to stabilize, generally around the age of 20-25, except in high myopia.

This vision disorder is linked to an excessive elongation of the eye (a distance between the cornea and the retina that is too great). As a result, affected patients see blurry beyond a certain distance. When myopia is high (beyond -6.00 diopters), it increases the risk of various damages (retinal detachment, glaucoma, early cataract, macula diseases, etc.) may impair eyesight definitively​.

The presence of myopia in one of the parents would double the risk for their children. Corn Beyond genetic and hereditary factors, the environment seems to play a crucial role in the development and aggravation of myopia.

Researchers agree that it is favored by:

  • increased time spent indoors
  • lack of exposure to natural light
  • or an excessive solicitation of near vision.

With a city lifestyle, the risk of being nearsighted is “maximum”, underlined Dr. Gilles Martin, ophthalmologist at the Adolphe de Rothschild Foundation Hospital.

What solutions to counter myopia?

Several treatments and/or medical devices can prevent or slow the progression of myopia:

  • the atropine eye drops,
  • the contact lenses nocturnal or diurnal that reshape the cornea
  • or glasses equipped with suitable glasses.
  • The “refractive” surgery can also improve visual comfort by reshaping or “planing” the cornea, without however eliminating the risks associated with high myopia.

Soon a national institute of pathological myopia

“In France, few works specifically concern myopia, making this disease sometimes less well known and taken care of than certain rare diseases”, regrets Professor Tadayoni. And to insist: “we need a public health policy” on this issue.

This is why, in 2023, a Myopia Institute dedicated to medical care, research and training on pathological myopia should emerge. It will be directed by Pr Ramin Tadayoni. Objective: “to place France in the position of world leader in pathological myopia both in terms of expert care and research, training and dissemination of good practices and innovations. In addition to these hospital-university systems, this Institute will also house the presence of the patient association Myopia“, specifies the hospital in a press release published on January 28 (Source 1).

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