There is no sign of slowing down the record inflation which in December, according to the Istat survey, increased by 3.9% on an annual basis confirming the preliminary estimate with a ripple effect on cshopping cart with a cora aThe top of the pfood and beverage products non-alcoholic (which went from + 1.5% to + 2.9%).
Already in recent months the alarm was raised for basic foodstuffs such as bread and pasta and today Coldiretti launches a new warning this time for pears.
Inflation: record pears with + 29.6%
With a record price increase of 29.6% it is precisely the pears to record by far the largest increase in retail prices among agri-food products as emerged from the study Coldiretti on Istat data relating to inflation which also sees the pasta (+ 10.8%) and i seafood (+ 9.8%) with the high energy impact on the diesel used to supply the fishing boats, which risk remaining on the quay.
A ranking that is the result – underlines Coldiretti – from the explosive mix of the rising prices energy costs and climate change which impact on the supply of an essential commodity such as food on which a scenario of hoarding, speculation and uncertainty has opened up with the Covid pandemic that must push the country to defend its food sovereignty.
The production of pears in 2021 – underlines Coldiretti – stood at 276 million kilos against the 770 million kilos of five years ago, with a reduction of 64%. The collapse of the crop to an all-time low – continues Coldiretti – occurred due to the unfavorable climatic trend such as the spring frosts that put a strain on the crops and for the attacks of pathogens and alien parasites, such as the Asian bedbug. A situation amplified – specifies Coldiretti – by the massive use of imports of pears from abroad with the consistent risk of being passed off as Italian pears.
As the association states, this is the tip of the iceberg of vulnerable situation in which agri-food production is found in the face of the impact of the rise in the energy bill and the anomalous climatic trends that have cut crops with collapses ranging from 25% to rice at 10% for the grain, from 15% for the fruit to 9% for the wine moreover causing damage for over 2 billion euros in 2021 between losses of national agricultural production and damage to structures and infrastructures in the countryside.
On the difficult situation from the production point of view, the energy price increases – underlines Coldiretti – which have affected the entire agri-food chain, from the fields to the processing industry to conservation and distribution.
For sowing of wheat for pasta and bread farmers – explains Coldiretti – were forced to face price increases of up to 50% for diesel fuel necessary for working the land, without forgetting that the surge in the cost of gas, used in the fertilizer production process, has caused fertilizer prices to skyrocket, with urea going from 350 euros to 850 euros a ton (+ 143%).
The increase in costs – continues Coldiretti – also concerns the feeding of livestock, the heating of greenhouses for vegetables and flowers that many have been forced to shut down, putting the future of some of the most typical productions of national horticulture such as cyclamen, lily or ranunculus among others. The increase in energy prices – continues Coldiretti – then cuts down on production costs such as that for packaging, from plastic (+ 72%) for flower pots to tinplate for cans (+ 60%), from glass (+ 40%) for jars up to paper (+ 31%) for product labels that affect different supply chains, from milk packs, to bottles for oil, juices and purees, to nets for citrus fruits to enameled jars for legumes.
“To face the new emergency and defend food sovereignty, we have developed and proposed concrete projects that can be immediately set up in the Pnrr to favor a decisive turn towards green revolution, the ecological and digital transition “affirms the President of Coldiretti Ettore Prandini in recalling that” digitization of rural areas, recovery of abandoned land, urban forests to mitigate pollution in the city, invaded inland areas to save water, green chemistry and bioenergy to combat climate change and specific interventions in the deficit sectors from cereals to livestock, from the fourth range up toolive oil are some examples of these strategic plans elaborated by Coldiretti together with Filiera Italia as part of the PNRR “.